Top 10 Workplace Discrimination Claims

In 2019, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) resolved more than 72,675 charges of workplace discrimination. Discrimination lawsuits can be very time-consuming and expensive for employers, and can result in a loss of employee morale or reputation within the community.


Top Causes of Discrimination

According to the EEOC, the following are the top 10 reasons for workplace discrimination claims in fiscal year 2019:

  1. Retaliation—39,110 (53.8% of all charges filed)
  2. Disability—24,238 (33.4%)
  3. Race—23,976 (33.0%)
  4. Sex—23,532 (32.4%)
  5. Age— 5,573 (21.4%)
  6. National origin— 7,009 (9.6%)
  7. Color—3,415 (4.7%)
  8. Religion—2,725 (3.7%)
  9. Equal Pay Act—1,117 (1.5%)
  10. Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act—209 (0.3%)

These percentages add up to more than 100 percent because some lawsuits were filed alleging multiple reasons for discrimination.

To see more of the most common Employment Law claims, click here.


What Employers Should Do

Employers should take the following steps to protect themselves from retaliation and other discrimination claims:

  • Audit their practices to uncover any problematic situations.
  • Create a clear anti-retaliation policy that includes specific examples of what management can and cannot do when disciplining or terminating employees.
  • Provide training to management and employees on anti-retaliation and other discrimination policies.
  • Implement a user-friendly internal complaint procedure for employees.
  • Uphold a standard of workplace civility, which can reduce retaliatory behaviors.

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